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ENOCHAR

The ENOCHAR Project aims to assess the effects of the application of biochar or its mixtures with compost in field conditions in the medium-long term (5-7 years). The Project started on March 5th, with the first field applications.

The objective of ENOCHAR is to acquire knowledge to be transferred to farmers and operators of the wine supply chain regarding:

  • Evidence on the effectiveness of the application of biochar in viticulture, with particular attention to its capabilities as carbon sink and nutrients recovery, to demonstrate that it can be part of a close cycle in vineyards.
  • Evidence on the reduction of nutrient leaching, the mitigation of dry periods thanks to the greater water retention capacity, the better workability of clay soils thanks to the reduction of the bulk density of the soils.
  • Certification, with internationally recognized instruments such as LCA, Carbon Footprint and PEF, of the sustainability of new matrices and of agricultural practices tested in the field.
  • Development of know-how about biochar production techniques, methods, doses and machineries for distribution in the field.
  • Dissemination of the knowledge on biochar for a systematic production of high quality biochar, starting from the residues of vine cultivation and their return to the soil as a fertilizer enriched with the nutrients recovered in industrial processes of the supply chain.

To achieve these objectives ENOCHAR is realising the following activities:

  • Application of the matrices to a new vineyard (about 1 hectare) at the CRPV experimental station located in Tebano (Ra). The experimental design envisages the comparison between 5 treatments: control field, biochar, biochar and compost mixtures and compost only.
  • Evaluate the effect of conditioning on soil properties (eg water retention capacity, structure, workability, etc.) as well as on the response of plants (nutritional status, productivity and quality of wines);
  • Monitor of the transformation of biochar and compost in the soil, decomposition and aging also through modeling software.
  • Make laboratory experiments by means of column tests to verify the absorbent and retention capacities of nutrients in the soil mixed with the various matrices.
  • Laboratory experiments to evaluate the processes in the co-maturation phase of compost and biochar.
  • Development and organization of communication activities and dissemination of results (eg visits to the experimental field, scientific and popular publications).

The ENOCHAR Project is completely self-financed by the Environmental Management Research Group.